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EVENTS in HTML

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What are Events?

Events are actions or occurrences that happen in the system you are programming, which the system tells you about so you can respond to them in some way if desired. For example if the user clicks a button on a webpage, you might want to respond to that action by displaying an information box.

HTML events are “things” that happen to HTML elements.

When JavaScript is used in HTML pages, JavaScript can “react” on these events.

HTML Events

An HTML event can be something the browser does, or something a user does.

Here are some examples of HTML events:

  • An HTML web page has finished loading
  • An HTML input field was changed
  • An HTML button was clicked

Often, when events happen, you may want to do something.

JavaScript lets you execute code when events are detected.

Common HTML Events

Here is a list of some common HTML events:

Event Description
onchange An HTML element has been changed
onclick The user clicks an HTML element
onmouseover The user moves the mouse over an HTML element
onmouseout The user moves the mouse away from an HTML element
onkeydown The user pushes a keyboard key
onload The browser has finished loading the page

What is Event handler?

Event handlers can be used to handle, and verify, user input, user actions, and browser actions.

  • Things that should be done every time a page loads
  • Things that should be done when the page is closed
  • Action that should be performed when a user clicks a button
  • Content that should be verified when a user inputs data
  • And more …

Many different methods can be used to let JavaScript work with events:

  • HTML event attributes can execute JavaScript code directly.
  • HTML event attributes can call JavaScript functions .
  • You can assign your own event handler functions to HTML elements.
  • You can prevent events from being sent or being handled.

 

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