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Child Care 0 to 3 months

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0 to 3 months physical development

Developmental milestones include:

  • From birth, your baby’s reflexes will allow her to turn her head to suckle when you touch her cheek
  • She can flex and extend her fingers, arms and legs
  • By 1 month, her eyes can follow a moving light (she may be able to do this for only a few seconds)
  • Between 4 – 8 weeks, she will lift her head when put on her tummy
  • By 6 weeks, her eyes can move together most of the time
  • By 2 months, she will enthusiastically kick her legs
  • By 2-3 months, she can watch and follow a moving face

What can I do to encourage her physical development?

  • Giver her plenty of tummy time to strengthen her upper body muscles
  • In the shade of a tree, let her have some nappy-free time – some babies love to wave their legs around unencumbered but others don’t like it at all.
  • The impoartnce of vitamin D for your baby’s development

During the first three months of life, baby is learning many new skills. Although all babies develop at different speeds, there are some key milestones your baby should accomplish during these early months. Explore the tabs below to find developmental milestones, learn fun games to play with baby. Also watch videos and download print materials to track baby’s development.

Listed below are developmental milestones baby should be reaching by 3 months old, as well as warning signs of possible delays. Topics below are sorted by motor, sensory, communication, and feeding milestones.

Motor Milestones

  • While lying on tummy lifts and holds head up
  • Pushes up on arms while lying on tummy
  • Able to move fists from open to fist
  • Able to bring hands to mouth
  • Moves legs and arms off of surface when excited

Sensory Milestones

  • Moves eyes to visually track objects while lying on back
  • Attempts to reach for a toy held above their chest
  • Keeps head centered to watch faces or toys while lying on back
  • Able to calm with rocking, touching, and gentle sounds
  • Is not upset by everyday sounds
  • Enjoys a variety of movements

Communication Milestones

  • Turns head towards sound or voice
  • Quiets or smiles when spoken to
  • Shows interest in faces
  • Makes eye contact
  • Cries differently for different needs (e.g. hungry vs. tired)
  • Coos or vocalizes other than crying

Feeding Milestones

  • Turns head toward nipple or bottle
  • Tongue moves forward and back to suck
  • Drinks 2 oz. to 6 oz. of liquid per feeding, 6 times per day
  • Sucks and swallows well during feeding

Possible Warning Signs


  • Difficulty lifting head
  • Stiff legs with little or no movement
  • Keeps hands fisted and lacks arm movement
  • Pushes back with head while lying on back


  • Does not follow an object with their eyes
  • Frequently resists being held
  • Fists remain closed most of the time
  • Does not enjoy different types of movement


  • Does not cry when hungry or uncomfortable
  • Does not notice or respond to loud sounds
  • Does not make eye contact or smile at caregiver


  • Unable to latch on while nursing or bottle feeding
  • Loses a lot of breast milk or formula out of side of mouth while feeding




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